NIXON, F/L Harold Joseph (J6187) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.411 Squadron - Award effective 18 December 1944 as per London Gazette dated 29 December 1944 and AFRO 379/45 dated 2 March 1945. Born January 1919 in Hamilton, Ontario; home there; former COTC; enlisted there 12 August 1940. To uncertain unit, 20 October 1940. To No.2 ITS, 16 January 1941; graduated and promoted LAC, 3 March 1941 when posted to No.8 EFTS; graduated 22 April 1941 when posted to No.2 Manning Depot; to No.10 SFTS, 2 May 1941; graduated and commissioned, 16 July 1941. To Embarkation Depot that date. To RAF overseas, 10 August 1941. Repatriated via No.31 Depot, Moncton, date uncertain; to No.1 OTU, 31 July 1942. Promoted Flying Officer, 1 October 1942. To “Y” Depot, 10 October 1942. Taken on strength of No.3 PRC, 31 January 1943. Promoted Flight Lieutenant, 1 July 1943. Repatriated 16 October 1944. To No.1 BGS, 30 November 1944. To No.4 Release Centre, 17 February 1945. Retired 19 March 1945. DFC presented 27 January 1946.
Flight Lieutenant Nixon has completed two tours of operations, during which time he has proved himself a most competent fighter pilot. In the period immediately following the invasion of the continent he set an outstanding example to the other pilots of his squadron, attacking many heavily defended targets with great courage and determination. Flight Lieutenant Nixon has shared in the destruction of at least one enemy aircraft and has destroyed over fifty vehicles. On one occasion his aircraft was shot down while attacking enemy tanks.
NIXON, F/O John Alexander (C15303) - Mention in Despatches - Mediterranean Air Command - Award effective 17 September 1943 as per London Gazette of that date 28 and AFRO 2198/43 dated 29 October 1943. Born 28 June 1911. Home in Washago, Ontario; enlisted Toronto 18 March 1941 as Wireless Electrical Mechanic and posted to No.1 Manning Depot; granted rank of LAC on enlistment. To Embarkation Depot, 13 May 1941. To RAF overseas, 19 June 1941. Commissioned in Radar Branch, 31 January 1942. Promoted Flying Officer, 30 July 1942. Promoted Flight Lieutenant, 25 March 1943. Repatriated 21 August 1945. To No.5 Radar School, 2 October 1945. To Radar Composite School, 11 November 1945. To Maintenance Command Headquarters, 8 May 1946. To No.6 Repair Depot, 16 May 1946. Retired 21 June 1946. A pencilled note on award card says \"With a radar unit ? see Killen\'s story\" - not clear what the reference means or who Killen is.
NIXON, F/O John Donovan Richmond (J26784) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.433 Squadron - Award effective 6 January 1945 as per London Gazette dated 19 January 1945 and AFRO 508/45 dated 23 March 1945. Born September 1923 in Vancouver; home in Cumberland, British Columbia; enlisted Vancouver 14 May 1942 and posted to No.3 Manning Depot. To No.7 ITS, 29 August 1942; graduated and promoted LAC, 23 October 1942; date of posting to No.23 EFTS uncertain; may have graduated 22 January 1943 but not posted to No.11 SFTS until 6 February 1943; graduated and commissioned 28 May 1943. To No.1 GRS, 11 June 1943; To No.31 OTU, 20 August 1943. To “Y” Depot, 20 November 1943. Taken on strength of No.3 PRC, Bournemouth, 23 November 1943. Promoted Flying Officer, 28 November 1943. Repatriate 15 November 1944. To Western Air Command, 11 January 1945. To No.8 Release Centre, 24 March 1945. Release date uncertain. After the war settled in Nanaimo, to where DFC sent by registered mail, 14 February 1951. Rejoined RCAF as pilot, 5 June 1951 (38874); attained rank of Flight Lieutenant, 1 July 1956. No citation other than \"completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty.\" DHist file 181.009 D.2609 (RG.24 Vol.20627) has recommendation from W/C A.J. Lewington dated 20 October 1944 when he had flown 35 sorties (171 hours 35 minutes) between 10 June and 14 October 1944.
This officer has now completed his first tour of operations comprised of thirty-five trips over enemy territory. The successful completion of these sorties was due largely to the initiative, resourcefulness and skilful airmanship of this officer. His tenacity, endurance and fine offensive spirit have undoubtedly inspired a high standard of morale in his crew and the squadron in general.
I consider that his exceptional qualities of leadership and his fine record of achievement fully merits the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross (Non-Immediate).
NIXON, P/O Robert William (J17729) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.35 Squadron - Award effective 1 September 1943 as per London Gazette dated 14 September 1943 and AFRO 2322/43 dated 12 November 1943. Born in Toronto, 28 July 1919, home there (educated at Dovercourt Public School Central Technical School; employed as pressman’s helper); enlisted there 4 October 1940 for General Duties and taken on strength of No.1 Manning Depot. To No.3 Training Command, Montreal, 31 October 1940. Promoted AC1, 4 January 1941. Promoted LAC, 4 April 1941. Remustered to aircrew, 25 May 1941 and posted to No.1 WS, Montreal (reverted to AC2). Promoted LAC, 26 June 1941; to No.4 BGS, Fingal, 9 November 1941; graduated and promoted Sergeant, 8 December 1941. To “Y” Depot, Halifax, 10 December 1941. To RAF Trainee Pool, 7 January 1942. Taken on strength of No.3 PRC, Bournemouth, 21 January 1942. To No.2 Signal School, 10 February 1942. To No.2 Advanced Flying Unit, 28 March 1942. To No.22 OTU, 29 April 1942. To No.35 Squadron, 16 July 1942. To No.35 Conversion Flight, 21 August 1942. To No.35 Squadron, 3 September 1942. Promoted Flight Sergeant, 8 June 1942. Promoted WO2, 8 December 1942. Commissioned 17 May 1943. Killed in action, 23/24 August 1943. See entry for Walter D. Craig for details of loss plus combat reports. DFC presented to next-of-kin, 1 December 1948.
A wireless operator of outstanding ability, Pilot Officer Nixon has taken part in numerous night bombing attacks, many of them being against the most heavily defended enemy targets in Germany and the occupied countries. At all times he has displayed most praiseworthy enthusiasm, devotion to duty and determination to achieve his objective.
Notes on training: Course at No.1 WS lasted from 23 June 1941 to 8 November 1941. Spent one hour in Flying Classroom as First Operator, three hours in Flying Classroom on Listening Watch and nine hours in two-seater aircraft as sole operator. Ground training included the following courses and marks - Theory (38/50), Radio Equipment (165/250), Morse, buzzer and lamp (149/200), Procedure (170/200), Signals Organisation (105/150), Armament (70/100), Drill and P.T. (26/50). Placed 63rd in a class of 112.
At No.4 BGS the course lasted 10 November to 8 December 1941. He flew in Battle aircraft (ten hours 10 minutes by day plus two hours 55 minutes as passenger). Air Gunnery results as follows: Beam Test, 4.8 % hits; Beam Relative Speed Test, 4.16 %; Under Tail Test, 5.16 %. Total Rounds fired as follows: Ground - 400; Air to Ground - 200; Air to Air -1,700. In written examination he scored 61 %; in Practical and Oral Examination he placed 69 %; Ability as Firer assessed to be 183/250. Placed 18th in a class of 34; described a s”competent in all his duties.”
At No.22 OTU he was described as having flown 48 hours 15 minutes (day) and nine hours 45 minutes (night) before arrival. At the OTU itself he flew nine hours in “Crew training” . Under the heading “Time Ser” (whatever that was) he logged 52.45 (day) and 44.10 (night). Fired 2,000 rounds air-to-air and 300 rounds air to sea. Described on 13 July 1942 as “Below average in guns, but has a sound knowledge of turrets. Average as a WOP. Keeps an average log. Is very keen and tries hard. He should continue to make headway.
On 28 July 1942 he was uninjured following a crash at No.1484 (B) Gunnery Flight, Driffield, 1230 hours. Defiant I (N1695), pilot Flight Sergeant R. Hardie (902422, RAF). Soon after takeoff the engine emitted white smoke and then stopped. Pilot selected undercarriage down and landed on aerodrome. Hardie commended for “an exhibition of remarkable fine airmanship in effecting a safe landing.”
NOAKES, FS Norman Raddon (R51115) - British Empire Medal - No.3 Aeronautical Inspection Detachment - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/46 dated 25 January 1946. Born 31 July 1919. Home in Saskatoon; enlisted there, 15 January 1940 as Airframe Mechanic (Wood). To Technical Training School, St. Thomas,, 25 March 1940. Promoted AC1, 15 April 1940. To “R”, 6 August 1940. To No.1 BGS, 10 August 1940. Reclassified as Airframe Mechanic “B”, 1 October 1940 when promoted LAC. Promoted Corporal, 1 February 1941; to No.8 BGS, 9 September 1941; promoted Sergeant, 1 October 1941; to Aeronautical Inspection Detachment, 14 January 1942; reclassified as Inspector, Aeronautical Inspection Detachment, 28 March 1943 when posted to No.11 Technical Detachment; promoted Flight Sergeant, 1 April 1943; to No.2 Release Centre, 20 September 1945; discharged 27 September 1945. Medal sent by registered mail, 20 December 1946.
This non-commissioned officer has displayed such a high degree of initiative and foresight during the past three years and has been able to impart to others his knowledge of aircraft inspection with the result that a very efficient staff of Aeronautical Inspection Detachment personnel was formed at this detachment. Flight Sergeant Noakes has rendered outstanding meritorious service and devotion to duty.
NOBERT, F/O Andre (J39311) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.425 Squadron - Award effective 12 November 1945 as per London Gazette dated 16 November 1945 and AFRO 133/46 dated 8 February 1946. Born 26 January 1921 in Gravelbourg, Saskatchewan; home there (drayman); enlisted Regina, 4 June 1942. To No.3 Manning Depot, 19 August 1942. To No.7 ITS, 5 December 1942; graduated and promoted LAC, 19 February 1943; posted next day to No.6 EFTS; graduated 17 April 1943 when posted to No.10 SFTS; ceased training and posted to No.2 Manning Depot, 10 May 1943; to Mountain View, 29 May 1943; to No.10 AOS, 24 July 1943; graduated and commissioned 10 December 1943. To “Y” Depot, 14 January 1944. Taken on strength of No.3 PRC, 23 January 1944. Promoted Flying Officer, 10 June 1944. Repatriated 5 August 1945. Retired 14 September 1945. Award presented 18 June 1949.
Flying Officer Nobert is an intrepid navigator who has completed a large number of sorties against such heavily defended targets as Cologne, Stuttgart, Wanne Eickel, Leipzig and Essen. In December 1944, this officer was detailed to bomb the railway sidings at Osnabruck. Two minutes before bombing the four engines of his aircraft ceased to work. The aircraft lost considerable height before the engines again came under control. The return flight was made in extremely difficult circumstances as most of the navigational aids were unserviceable but an emergency landing was made successfully at an English airfield of stress. This officer has shown coolness and high navigational skill which have inspired confidence in the other members of his crew.
DHH file 181.009 D.2618 (Library and Archives Canada RG.24 Vol.20627) has original recommendation raised by W/C H.C. Ledoux on 10 May 1945 when he had flown 35 sorties (221 hours 30 minutes). Sortie list and submission as follows:
25 October 1944 - Homburg (5.30)
26 October 1944 - Cologne (5.55)
30 October 1944 - Cologne (5.25)
21 November 1944 - Castrop Rauxel (7.35)
29 November 1944 - Duisburg (7.10)
2 December 1944 - Hagen (6.50)
4 December 1944 - Karlsruhe (6.45)
5 December 1944 - Soest (6.55)
6 December 1944 - Osnabruck (5.50)
18 December 1944 - Duisburg (6.20)
24 December 1944 - Dusseldorf (4.20)
29 December 1944 - Trois Dorf (6.25)
30 December 1944 - Cologne (6.35)
2 January 1945 - Ludwigshaven (7.25)
5 January 1945 - Hanover (5.45)
6 January 1945 - Hanau (6.50)
28 January 1945 - Stuttgart (7.00)
2 February 1945 - Wanne Eickel (3.50, duty not carried out)
4 February 1945 - Osterfeld (5.50)
7 February 1945 - Goch (6.10)
9 February 1945 - Wanne Eickel (6.15)
13 February 1945 - Leipzig (8.05)
17 February 1945 - Wesel (6.45)
20 February 1945 - Monheim (6.55)
23 February 1945 - Essen (6.10)
24 February 1945 - Kamen (6.40)
27 February 1945 - Mainz (7.05)
2 March 1945 - Cologne (6.10)
14 March 1945 - Zweibrucken (7.10)
15 March 1945 - Hagen (6.50)
18 March 1945 - Witten (7.25)
21 March 1945 - Rheine (5.25)
22 March 1945 - Dorsten (4.50)
24 March 1945 - Gladbach (6.05)
27 March 1945 - Munster (5.20)
Flying Officer Nobert is an intrepid navigator of a Halifax bomber who has successfully completed 35 operational sorties over such highly defended targets as Cologne, Stuttgart, Wanne Eickel, Leipzig and Essen.
On the night of December 6th, 1944, this officer was detailed to bomb marshalling yards at Osnabruck in Germany. Two minutes before bombing, the four engines ceased momentarily. The aircraft lost approximately 7,000 feet in height before it could be levelled off again with all engines under control. However, two of the engines kept surging all the way out on the return trip. The bombing stream had to be left because of this and the bomb doors being open due to hydraulic trouble.
Under these adverse conditions, navigation was very difficult due to the unserviceability of most of the navigational aids. An emergency landing was made at an English aerodrome.
On numerous other operational sorties, Flying Officer Nobert, with remarkable coolness and calculation, plotted the track back to the English coast. This officer’s coolness and navigational skill have been a source of inspiration to the other members of the crew. His work in the air is worthy of high praise. It is for this reason that I recommend Flying Officer Nobert for the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.
NOBES, F/L Walter Oakley (J35272) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.100 Squadron - Award effective 8 September 1945 as per London Gazette dated 21 September 1945 and AFRO 1704/45 dated 9 November 1945. Born 12 June 1918 in Moncton, New Brunswick. Home in Kingston or Montreal (bank clerk); militia service with Royal Canadian Corps of Signals. Enlisted Ottawa, 16 June 1941 and posted to No.1 Manning Depot. To Technical Training School, St. Thomas as guard, 28 July 1941. To No.5 ITS, Belleville, 21 August 1941; graduated and promoted LAC, 9 October 1941 but not posted to No.13 EFTS, St. Eugene until 27 October 1941; graduated 20 December 1941 and posted next day to No.13 SFTS, St. Hubert; graduated and promoted Sergeant, 10 April 1942. To “Y” Depot, Halifax, 12 April 1942; to No.3 BGS, Macdonald, 29 April 1942 as staff pilot. Promoted Flight Sergeant, 10 October 1942. Promoted WO2, 10 April 1943. Commissioned 10 September 1943. To “Y” Depot, 29 September 1943. Embarked from Halifax, 22 October 1943; disembarked in Britain, 30 October 1943. Attached to No.51 Group Pool, 31 December 1943 to 21 January 1944. Detached to Chedworth, 17 February to 1 March 1944. To No.3 (Pilots) AFU, 7 March 1944. Attached to No.1525 Beam Approach Training Flight, 11-18 April 1944. Promoted Flying Officer, 10 March 1944. To No.18 OTU, 23 May 1944. To No.11 Base, 31 July 1944, attending No.1656 Conversion Unit. To Lancaster Finishing School, 2 October 1944. To No.100 Squadron, 22 October 1944. Promoted Flight Lieutenant, 27 December 1944. Repatriated 31 May 1945. To No.1 Air Command, 12 June 1945. To No.4 Release Centre, 25 July 1945. Retired 27 July 1945. Medal presented 25 November 1949. Died in Westmount, Quebec, 1990 as per Airforce Magazine of January-February-March 1991. No citation other than \"completed...numerous operations against the enemy in the course of which [he has] invariably displayed the utmost fortitude, courage and devotion to duty.\" Public Records Office Air 2/8750 has recommendation dated 1 April 1945 when he had flown 30 sorties (193 hours), 2 November 1944 to 18 April 1945 (last three sorties added to list after first draft).
2 November 1944 - Dusseldorf
4 November 1944 - Bochum
18 November 1944 - Wanne Eickel
21 November 1944 - Aschaffenburg
29 November 1944 - Dortmund.
4 December 1944 - Karlsruhe
24 December 1944 - Cologne
26 December 1944 - St.Vith
28 December 1944 - Munchen Gladbach
29 December 1944 - Gelsenkirchen
2 January 1945 - Nuremburg
6 January 1945 - Hanau
7 January 1945 - Munich
16 January 1945 - Zeitz
1 February 1945 - Ludwigshaven
2 February 1945 - Weiszbaden
13 February 1945 - Dresden
21 February 1945 - Duisburg
1 March 1945 - Mannheim
2 March 1945 - Cologne
8 March 1945 - Kassel
11 March 1945 - Essen
12 March 1945 - Dortmund
15 March 1945 - Misburg
21 March 1945 - Bruchstrasse
23 March 1945 - Bremen
24 March 1945 - Hanover
10 April 1945 - Planen
14 April 1945 - Lutzkendorf
18 April 1945 - Heligoland
Flight Lieutenant Nobes has now completed 30 sorties in his first operational tour including attacks on such formidably defended targets as Aschaffenburg, Karlsruhe, Cologne, Nuremburg, Cologne, Munich, Mannheim, Kassel, Essen and Misburg.
His composed and quiet demeanour conceals a fine offensive spirit, and a great keenness for operational flying. His skilful airmanship has extricated his aircraft and crew from many tight corners, notably when attacked by several enemy fighters on the run up to the target over Duisburg, and when hit and severely damaged by incendiary flak over the target at Cologne. He is a first class captain of aircraft, and in every way a notable figure in his flight, and in the squadron.
It is strongly recommended that the sterling record of this young Canadian officer be recognized by the award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.
Notes: A record of his flying as a staff pilot at No.3 BGS indicates the intensity of such work. It was almost exclusively on single engine aircraft and the following months were typical: May 1942 (33.40 solo as first pilot, 30 minutes as second pilot, three hours ten minutes dual); June 1942 (52 hours 20 minutes as first pilot), July 1942 (33 hours ten minutes), August 1942 (32 hours 45 minutes), September 1942 (41 hours 50 minutes as first pilot, one hour as second pilot), October 1942 (26 hours 50 minutes). His peak months were March 1943 (61 hours 25 minutes), July 1943 (82 hours 15 minutes) and August 1943 (67 hours five minutes). An assessment at No.3 BGS dated 21 July 1943 described him as “Conscientious worker, alert, dependable - recommend promotion.” (S/L J.L. Gower). It was noted that on 19 September 1942 he had been reprimanded for dogfighting (date of the offence seems to have been 9 or 14 September 1942). On 12 May 1943 as pilot of Battle 1736 he collided with Battle 1886 causing serious damage to both machines.
On 22 May 1945, on repatriation, he reported having flown 30 sorties (195 operational hours) plus 251 non-operational hours overseas. Overseas he had flown Tiger Moth (nine hours), Oxford (72 hours), Wellington (80 hours), Halifax (46 hours) and Lancaster (239 hours). Application for Operational Badge have operational time as 193 hours 20 minutes.
Training: At No.13 EFTS (Finch aircraft) he placed 22nd in a class of 42 - “Is very willing and tries hard. General flying is just average but will make a good pilot with more experience in dual and solo. Aerobatics and instruments average.”
At No.13 SFTS placed 20th in a class of 50 - “Rather quiet and reserved - a good sense of responsibility.”
At No.3 (Pilots) AFU flew Oxfords; described as “A good average pilot who tries hard and made steady improvement throughout the course.”
At No.18 OTU flew Wellingtons and described as “A sound and steady captain who will not be flustered in any circumstances, and who should do very well on operations. Has captained his crew well throughout the course.”
NOBLE, F/L Carman Douglas (J15080) - Distinguished Flying Cross - No.214 Squadron - Award effective 23 October 1945 as per London Gazette dated 30 October 1945 and AFRO 1822/45 dated 7 December 1945. Born in Durham, Ontario, 16 June 1918. Home in Bradford, Ontario; enlisted London, Ontario, 16 April 1940. To No.1 ITS, 29 April 1940; to No.1 AOS, 23 May 1940; promoted LAC, 24 May 1940; graduated 18 August 1940 when posted to No.1 BGS; graduated and promoted Sergeant, 28 September 1940; to No.1 ANS, 29 September 1940; may have graduated 24 October 1940 but not commissioned until 9 November 1940. To Embarkation Depot, 11 November 1941; to RAF overseas, 14 November 1941. Initially with No.40 Squadron (Wellingtons) with which he did one tour before instructing at OTU. Shot down 18 June 1942 and became POW. Promoted Flying Officer, 1 October 1942. Promoted Flight Lieutenant, 29 November 1943. Reported safe in United Kingdom, 7 May 1945. Repatriated to Canada, 8 July 1945. Remained in postwar RCAF (18757), reverting from Flight Lieutenant to rank of Flying Officer, 1 October 1946. . Trained as an Administrative Officer, he was Air Cadet Liaison Officer at Training Command Headquarters until February 1948 when posted to Institute of Aviation Medicine (supervision of aircrew selection) until September 1950. To Station London (test administrator, aircrew selection). In January 1951 to personnel staff, Training Command Headquarters. Attained rank of Squadron Leader, 1 January 1952. Posted in May 1953 to staff planning duties, Air Defence Command. Attended RCAF Staff College, Toronto (September 1955 to June 1956) and then appointed to staff duties, Directorate of Air Policy. August 1961 to Directing Staff, RCAF Staff College, Toronto. Photo PL-75207 shows him. Both DFC and MBE presented 22 June 1949. See his article “For You The War is Over”, Roundel, March 1961. Died in Collingwood, Ontario, 5 February 1989 as per Airforce Magazine of July-August-September 1989, which described him as “one of the last eight survivors of Course No.1, Air Observers.”
In January 1942 [sic], Flight Lieutenant Noble was navigator of an aircraft which took part in an attack on Osnabruck. Shortly after leaving the target area the aircraft was attacked and set on fire by an enemy fighter. All attempts to bring the fire under control failed and the captain gave orders to the crew to abandon the aircraft. Flight Lieutenant Noble had sustained severe burns on the face and hands in his efforts to fight the fire. As he was preparing to jump, the aircraft exploded. Flight Lieutenant Noble was blown clear and landed safely. Subsequently he was captured by the Germans after making a gallant attempt at escape. Flight Lieutenant Noble has completed one tour of duty at the time of his capture and was engaged on a second. His courage, determination and devotion to duty have been most commendable.
NOTE: Public Records Office Air 2/9287 has recommendation by AOC No.100 Group dated 16 July 1945, crediting him with 50 sorties (350 operational hours) which differs from that given in Roundel article (see below).
On the night of January 18th, 1942 [sic], Flight Lieutenant Noble was navigator in Stirling aircraft taking part in an attack on Osnabruck. Shortly after leaving the target area, the aircraft was attacked and set on fire by an enemy fighter. All attempts to bring the fire under control having failed, the captain gave the order to abandon aircraft. All the crew with the exception of the captain and Flight Lieutenant Noble had jumped when the aircraft exploded. Flight Lieutenant Noble, who had sustained severe burns to the hands and face in his efforts to fight the fire, was blown clear and landed safely. He left the area of the crashed and burning aircraft after having ascertained that there was nothing he could do to help the captain, and soon met another member of the crew. Together they evaded the German search party who were combing the area of the crash, and after walking a distance of approximately 100 miles in five nights they reached Holland. Here they were captured by whilst under escort Flight Lieutenant Noble attacked his captors and succeeded in making good his escape on one of their bicycles. Although the burns on his hands and face had by this time become putreous and extremely painful, Flight Lieutenant Noble covered a further 80 miles before being captured a second time.
At the time of his capture, this officer was engaged on his second tour and he was on his fiftieth operational sortie.
His gallant conduct in the aircraft was largely instrumental in saving the lives of other members of the crew, and his subsequent attempts to resist capture deserve much praise. I recommend Flight Lieutenant Noble for the immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Cross.
The erroneous date in the recommendation is clearly the source of the erroneous date in the citation. His most recent sorties before being shot down had been:
20 April 1942 - Mannheim (4.45)
29 April 1942 - Cherbourg (3.55)
30 April 1942 - Cologne (4.20)
6 June 1942 - Emden (4.35)
7 June 1942 - GARDENING (3.55)
9 June 1942 - GARDENING, Ile de Juist (4.40)
18 June 1942 - Osnabruck (missing)
NOBLE, F/L Carman Douglas, DFC (J15080) - Member, Order of the British Empire - No.214 Squadron - Award as per London Gazette dated 1 October 1946 and AFRO 1059/46 dated 8 November 1946. Story of MBE exploits published, \"For You The War is Over\", Roundel, March 1961. On his 57th sortie, shot down by Bf.110 which set aircraft on fire but was downed by mid-upper gunner. Aircraft exploded at low altitude and he was thrown clear; four survivors from crew.
Flight Lieutenant Noble was forced to abandon his aircraft on the 18th June, 1942, when it was shot down near the Dutch-German frontier. He and another member of the crew began to walk westward and, on the fourth day, were arrested by two Dutch policemen. After a struggle, Flight Lieutenant Noble succeeded in getting away and continued alone till he reached the outskirts of Arnhem, where he was again arrested and sent to a prisoner of war camp at Sagan in Germany. While there, he himself made three unsuccessful attempts at escape and aided in the escape of many other prisoners. Early in 1943, he attempted to get away in a garbage wagon but was discovered before it left the camp. Shortly afterwards, he made a similar attempt in a truck loaded with tree branches but was discovered before the truck passed the camp entrance. In June, 1943, a mass attempt was made by 26 prisoners of whom Flight Lieutenant Noble was one. They planned to escape as they were being marched to the showers but the attempt was discovered within half an hour and all were recaptured the following day. Between June, 1943 and March, 1944, Flight Lieutenant Noble took part in various tunnel digging operations and was also a member of the escape committee. On 25th March, 1944, a tunnel was successfully broken and 75 officers escaped through it. Flight Lieutenant Noble was immediately apprehended on the discovery of the escape and subsequently sentenced to three weeks solitary confinement. In January 1945, the camp was evacuated and the prisoners forced to march to Bremen. One extremely cold night, Flight Lieutenant Noble was instrumental in arousing or finding shelter for men who were on the verge of collapse from fatigue or cold. He was responsible on that occasion for saving at least 20 lives. Flight Lieutenant Noble was liberated on 2nd May 1945. His enthusiasm and keenness never failed despite the many disappointments and punishments which he had to undergo. Throughout his imprisonment his services were of the highest value to his fellow prisoners.
RCAF file 45-19-15A, “Prisoners of War - Escape of - Interrogations” (National Archives of Canada, RG.24 Volume 5372) has a report dated 15 September 1945, based on an interrogation conducted on 12 September 1945 by F/L E.B. Easson, Directorate of Intelligence, AFHQ:
The aircraft in which this officer was flying was shot down on the night of 18/19 June 1942, in Germany near the Dutch-German border. He was the navigator of a Stirling aircraft of No.214 Squadron. He parachuted down and on reaching the ground found that he was badly burnt in the face and both arms. He put his mae west, parachute and part of his uniform in a ditch and covered them over. He travelled due west for two days, travelling at night and lying up by day. With him on this trip was Flight Sergeant Bergin, one of the gunners of his crew. On the third morning after the crash, Noble’s burns were becoming very painful and he approached a Dutch farm house for aid which he was refused as the farmer considered it too dangerous to harbour him. On the fourth night he and Bergin were walking down the road when they were picked up by two Dutch police and taken to a village south and east of Zwolle and searched. Noble and Bergin were able to struggle with the two police officers. Bergin, however, only knocked down his opponent and made off without waiting to deal with him effectively or disarm him. The policeman, quickly recovering, gave chase and Noble learnt later that Bergin was recaptured that same day. Noble on his part made sure he had knocked out his man and taking both his revolver and bicycle then escaped, as by this time Bergin and his opponent had disappeared.
On his fifth night of travelling, Noble approached a farm house, roused the occupant by knocking and asked for help and medical aid, but was refused both. On this and the following night, he continued cycling west and south. Towards morning of the 27th June he suddenly ran into two police on the outskirts of Arnhem, who took him into custody. A close watch had been kept for him after his encounter with the other police officer and these two men had seen him coming down the road before he had observed them.
Judging that he was still armed and was a dangerous character, based on his previous activity, they marched him three miles with his hands over his head to the police office where he was given his first search, his revolver taken from him, and then turned over to the Gestapo. Here he was intensely interrogated but no violence was used. He feigned illness and poor memory and they gave up questioning him. On the next day he was given into the custody of the Luftwaffe in Arnhem where he received good attention and had his burns treated and dressed. On the same day he was taken to Amsterdam, still with the Luftwaffe, but here he received bad treatment for three days, being kept in a cell continuously without any conveniences, subjected to over-heating of his cell at intervals and receiving no medical care although his burns required dressing. Flight Lieutenant Noble said it was a German Naval Air Officer who was in command there and responsible for this ill treatment but he never was able to learn his name. On the fourth day he left Amsterdam, arriving the same day at Dulag Luft. Here he was put in hospital for three weeks. He was not interrogated on Service matters or incidents except from the time of his landing by parachute. Noble felt that he was not questioned further because, as he thought, it was evident that others of his crew had been captured and some had talked. At the end of three weeks, on securing no information from him, he was sent to Stalag Luft III, this about the end of July 1942.
In this camp Noble attempted three unsuccessful escapes himself and aided in the escapes of other prisoners. Early in 1943 he tried to escape in a garbage wagon but was caught within the camp area. Shortly afterward he attempted a break again, this time in a truck loaded with tree branches but was discovered before the truck got free of the camp.
In June 1943 an arranged break was attempted by 25 of the prisoners of whom Noble was one. They had all been supplied with passports and were to make the attempt as they were marched to showers which had been set up in a newer compound 400 yards distant. Unfortunately the break was discovered within half an hour, and by next day all but one prisoner had been recaptured. Noble managed to get to Buchwalde, a small railway station near Sagan, and there boarded a train, but the alarm was out and all passports were being checked. He carried the passport of a Norwegian artisan but when the police were about to call at the fictitious address on this passport, he was forced to acknowledge his true identity.
The small sporadic attempts to escape from Stalag Luft III were now generally abandoned and from July 1943 to March 1944, the prisoners organised and busied themselves on three tunnels in preparation for a major break. Noble was on the Escape Committee and in charge of one wing. He had aided in minor or simulated escapes which had been, in some cases, put on for diversionary purposes. He had collected information for escapes and had passed on the feasibility of certain plans of escape. The prisoners had three tunnels under construction on which they endeavoured to keep shifts working continuously. Noble was a shift boss in the tunnelling work. In September 1943, one tunnel was discovered, later one had to be abandoned, and the third was used in the break of March 1944. The night of 24/25 March was set for the break and it was planned that 160 men could escape by the tunnel. Eighty men actually passed through the tunnel exit. Five of these were caught close to the exit and of the remaining 75, the prisoners in Stalag III learnt about ten days later, that most of them had been recaptured and 50 of them shot. One of these was Squadron Leader Roger Bushell, who was in charge of the Escape Committee. Noble during this break had been working in the tunnel passing the men through and when discovery came, he was one of the four men operating the tunnel who were immediately apprehended. As punishment he received three weeks solitary confinement. Later he was given two further periods of three weeks each of solitary confinement, and each time without a charge being laid against him. He requested in writing from the Camp Commandant a reason for these two later penalties but received no satisfaction.
Late in June 1944, as part of a defence plan, because some of the prisoners were concerned for their own safety due to the possibility of a sudden end of the war, a fourth tunnel was started, but when about two-thirds finished, the prisoners were moved from this camp. On the 26th January 1945, the prisoners began their journey from Stalag Luft III to Bremen. This was made partly on foot and partly by railway cattle car, arriving at Bremen about the 6th February 1945. While in Stalag III and on the march, the BBC news was received, taken down and distributed by “readers” to the men of the various sections. Flight Lieutenant Noble took part in this work. Also while en route to Bremen he was Group Captain L.E. Wray’s adjutants.
This interrogation has been read by Group Captain L.E. Wray, the Senior British Officer at Stalag III, who is now a staff officer at this Headquarters and he states that the information contained herein is to his knowledge correct. He wishes to add that Flight Lieutenant Noble was most helpful to him and rendered valuable aid while he was SBO and also while en route to Bremen. On this march, one extremely cold night, Noble was instrumental in arousing men who were giving up from fatigue and cold and keeping them on the march or helping to get them into cover. Group Captain Wray states that he judges Flight Lieutenant Noble was responsible for saving the lives of at least 30 men on this occasion.
The crew of the aircraft in which Flight Lieutenant Noble crashed as given by him as follows:
S/L Nixey - pilot - killed
F/L Mitchell - 2nd pilot - POW
F/L Noble - navigator - POW
Sergeant Pearson - WOP - killed
Sergeant Melville - engineer - killed
Sergeant Buckley - gunner - killed
Sergeant Bailey - gunner - POW
Sergeant Bergin - gunner - POW
NOBLE, G/C Edward Clark (C4063) - Officer, Order of the British Empire - RCAF Overseas Headquarters - Award effective 1 January 1946 as per Canada Gazette of that date and AFRO 82/45 dated 25 January 1946. Enlisted in Toronto, 15 November 1940 in Medical Branch. Granted rank of Wing Commander, 1 March 1941. At No.7 ITS as of 6 January 1942. To Trenton, 11 May 1942. To “Y” Depot, 19 February 1944. Date of arrival overseas uncertain. Promoted Group Captain, 1 April 1944. Repatriated 19 July 1945. To No.1 Air Command, 4 August 1945. Retired 5 October 1945. Reverted to Squadron Leader when he rejoined postwar RCAF Auxiliary, 1 August 1946 (120381) with No.400 Squadron, Toronto. Promoted Wing Commander, 1 June 1951. Retired 14 September 1954 to live in Richmond Hill.
This officer is very largely responsible for the excellent medical services available to the Royal Canadian Air Force Overseas. He has ably handled the liaison with Royal Air Force Medical Services with tact and diplomacy which is noteworthy. To Group Captain Noble goes a large portion of the credit for providing Royal Canadian Air Force Medical services to Royal Canadian Air Force personnel on a far greater scale than originally intended. He not only administered the overseas Medical Services but his frequent visits to units to personally supervise his staffs and to gain first hand experience on the problems to be faced were a source of inspiration to all ranks.
NOBLE, Corporal Franklin Thomas (R139120) - Mention in Despatches - Skipton-on-Swale - Award effective 14 June 1945 as per London Gazette of that date and AFRO 1647/45 dated 26 October 1945. Born 9 August 1919. Home in Markdale, Ontario; Enlisted in Hamilton, 10 November 1941 for General Duties and posted to No.2 Manning Depot. To No.12 SFTS, 27 November 1941. Promoted AC1, 10 February 1942. Promoted LAC, 10 May 1942. To “Y” Depot, 22 February 1943. To RAF overseas, 27 March 1943. Repatriated 22 January 1946. Retired 9 March 1946. No citation in AFRO. DHist file 181.009 D.2619 (RG.24 Vol.20628) has recommendation forwarded 1 February 1945 to No.63 Base HQ when he had served 17 months in Canada, 23 months overseas.
Corporal Noble has been in charge of the aviation petrol installations on the unit, and has been a conscientious and willing worker, often working many hours overtime to do the job. He deserves much credit for his work and is highly deserving of the award of Mention in Despatches.